A walk through a local outdoor market is a pathway into the heart of a town or city, and Japan is no exception. Tsukiji market in Tokyo and Nishiki market in Kyoto are two of the best-known options, with each offering a chance to mingle with locals, sample foods and immerse yourself in the bustle of daily life.

Along the way, you’ll encounter some unfamiliar fruits and vegetables. Use this handy guide to learn what each one is, and how it’s used in Japanese cuisine.

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